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tv   Nightly Business Report  PBS  December 1, 2016 7:00pm-7:31pm PST

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>> announcer: this is "nightly business report," with tyler mathisen and sue herera. companies are not going to leave the united states anymore without consequences. it's not going to happen. >> president-elect donald trump draws a line in the sand and sends a warning to u.s. companies. stepping down. the founder, long time chairman, and face of starbucks will no longer be ceo. and the stock tumbles. shot across the bow. why caterpillar appears to be telling stock market bulls, not so fast. those stories and more tonight on "nightly business report" for thursday, december 1st. good evening, everyone, and welcome. what a day for manufacturing and specifically for about a
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thousand manufacturing jobs at a furnace plant in indiana. more on that in a moment. first to the bigger picture. there were signs today that america's long suffering manufacturing sector isn't quite so long suffering anymore. factory activity expanded in november more quickly than in any month since early last year. the closely watched institute for supply management index showed a pickup in production and new orders, a sign that demand will likely remain solid. the positive news follows a rocky few years for manufacturing companies. they've been hit by weak business spending, a sluggish energy sector, and a strong dollar. today's report is good news for the more than 12 million manufacturing workers in the united states. about 9% of the nation's workforce. and it comes ahead of the release tomorrow of the monthly employment report. that's the last major piece of data before the next fed meeting. but it was in indiana where manufacturing workers may have
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been the happiest. today, president-elect donald trump spoke at a carrier plant, his first public appearance since the election. and there he took a victory lap after convincing the manufacturer to keep jobs in indianapolis and not move them to mexico. and he also had some tough words for corporate america. phil lebeau reports. >> reporter: president-elect donald trump soaked up the applause from workers as he walked onstage at a carrier furnace plant in indianapolis, after promising as a candidate to keep the plant from closing and shipping jobs to mexico, trump and his team worked out a deal with carrier's parent, united technologies, to keep the plant open. >> united technologies and carrier stepped it up. and now they're keeping actually the number is over 1100 people, which is so great. >> reporter: the carrier jobs deal calls for one of two plants in indiana to stay open, preserving more than a thousand
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jobs. but a carrier facility in huntington, indiana, will still close as planned, he thougelimi 700 jobs. the company will get 7$700 million in tax breaks. the company stays in the good graces of the trump administration. as for the workers who feared losing their jobs, a sense of relief. >> it was shocking. it seemed surreal, phones going off and people telling me our jobs are being saved. it was just crazy. it was just surreal. >> they didn't start clapping, they started talking and being happy that they would be able to maintain their jobs, their homes, and take care of their family once again. >> reporter: but what happens to other manufacturing plants scheduled to close? will donald trump call those companies and pressure them to reconsider shipping jobs to mexico? after getting ford and carrier to keep building products in the u.s., trump is hoping he has sent a message to corporate
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america. >> companies are not going to leave the united states anymore without consequences. not going to happen. >> reporter: for donald trump, this victory tour is a chance to show america he can stop the loss of blue collar jobs. whether his administration can actually grow manufacturing jobs is a question he'll face when he becomes president next month. phil lebeau, "nightly business report," indianapolis. >> so how will the soon to be president donald trump's harsh words to corporate america impact the business environment here in the united states? robert solomon is professor of management at new york university's stern school of business. professor, welcome, good to have you with us. when the president refers to consequences on companies that might want to move jobs overseas, what really can he do? >> that's a good question. i would be -- i think it's hard
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to extrapolate from this one situation to the entire economy. but certainly one of the things that the president can do is use the bully pulpit as he showed during the campaign with his rhetoric, that he can express his dismay and his concern when companies announce that they're leaving. and that is probably his strongest weapon. >> i wonder if this sets a precedent for companies that want the tax breaks and incentives that carrier got, even if they don't intend to leave the united states, why would they not go after the same deal? >> they might, and that creates a slippery slope. companies that have no intention of leaving the united states could announce they're thinking
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about it or are going to do it with the intent of extracting concessions from the government. the trump administration needs to be careful in how it deals with other companies that are either planning to move overseas or just thinking about it. >> are there things in law that a president could do that would target an individual company? can you put, for example, a tariff on a furnace that's made in mexico by an individual company and brought back into the united states? >> so i'm not a legal scholar, however i found it difficult to see how a president can go after a singular company. what a president could do, for example, from a business standpoint, is go after goods coming out of a certain country, to apply tariffs to goods coming from mexico, let's say, or apply a tariff to a certain class of goods.
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however, it would be -- i think it would be quite difficult for a president to go after one single company for taking one single decision. >> how much of this do you think is the president-elect enjoying somewhat of a honeymoon period? i mean, united technologies, which of course owns carrier, certainly did not want to be the first target in this particular battle with the president-elect. is that feasible, that other companies might agree to keep jobs here just so that they aren't on the radar in the first, say, 60 to 90 days of his administration? >> yeah, i do think companies are going to want to be careful with this administration. those planning to go overseas will probably want to be more discreet about it. i'll reiterate what i said before, it's hard to extrapolate from this one situation to all other companies, because as you mentioned, carrier is a division
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of the larger united technologies corporation, which has lots of contracts with the federal government. so besides the concessions carrier was able to extract from the state of indiana, there is the potential that united technologies did this so they wouldn't lose favor on the 5 or $6 billion of contracts they have with the federal government. >> professor solomon, thank you for being with us. the number of americans filing for first time unemployment benefits rose. according to the labor department, jobless claims increased by 7,000 last week, the highest number since june. a separate report shows that planned layoffs fell last month to the lowest level of the year and are down double digits from a year ago. but it is tomorrow's employment report that will likely give wall street and main street a more complete picture of hiring in november. on wall street, stocks why mixed today. blue chips companies got a lift thanks to a rally in the financial sector. but the nasdaq was hit hard.
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the dow jones industrial average added 68 points, 19,191 the close there. nasdaq off more than 1%, 72%. s&p fell seven. oil prices continued to climb following that opec deal yesterday to cut production. domestic crude settled up 3% today, it's up more than 10% in two days at 5106. >> as the blue chip sector rallies, caterpillar says wall street is too optimistic on its profit estimate for next year. as bob pisani reports, the company could be sending a message. >> reporter: caterpillar just raised a big red flag today to all the market bulls out there. the equipment maker fired a shot across the bow to all the traders who rushed to buy up stocks based on the vague notion that earnings will be significantly higher. the markets are hyped up because they think tax cuts, fewer regulations, and a massive stimulus program under a trump
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administration will lead to stronger economic growth. along comes caterpillar, speaking at a conference today, saying that while the company is encouraged by all the talk of tax reform and a reduction in earnings and potential infrastructure spending, earnings estimates for 2017 for caterpillar are too optimistic. so the company raised the red flag, even though analysts haven't really raised their numbers based on the trump victory, at least not yet. so what happened to caterpillar stock today? it moved down slightly on the news but it ended the day in positive territory, in fact at a 52-week high. why is that? because the market is convinced they're just being cautious and that the numbers will come up sometime next year. investors would do well to listen to them. caterpillar would be a big beneficiary of any infrastructure spending. that's good news. but any big spending on roads and bridges, for example, is unlikely to happen before 2018. the bottom line? there's a lot of potential good news out there. but there's still not a lot of
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flesh on the bones yet. for "nightly business report," i'm bob pisani at the new york stock exchange. the founder of starbucks will step down as ceo in april of next year. howard schultz, who turned the coffee house into an iconic american brand, will remain as chairman. he wants to free up time to focus on starbucks' new initiative, high end coffee shops, among other things. mr. schultz has no plans to step away completely from the company. starbucks' chief operating officer, kevin johnson, will take over the role of chief executive. shares initially fell on the news, as you see there, in extended hours trading. sarah hunt joins us to talk about the market and what lies ahead in the final months of trading. she's portfolio manager at aspen run. nice to see you. >> nice to be here. >> december is starting out more quietly than some thought, but
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we've seen all-time highs repeatedly during november. do we have more to run, or is the market extended at this point? >> i think the market turned around really quickly after the election results. you saw the market come down after the original reports were in early in the morning. then by the end of the day, it had come up again. when people started to digest the idea that we might have the opportunity to do some things they hadn't been thinking of previously, you start to get a big interest in some of these infrastructure projects. and i don't know what changes that in december. obviously we're going to have the fed come in, i think everyone is pricing in a rate hike at least for december. what they say going forward may have an effect. you have some things going on outside the united states, a referendum in italy. we'll see how the financial markets take that. i think right now the momentum is towards an optimistic look at what's going to happen in the future. and i'm not sure that that changes into december to the
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beginning of the administration. >> i heard a commentator today critical of the media for being skeptical of howev far a run in short period of time. i thought our job was to be skeptical. how tempered should the optimism be, or is it really green light, green light? >> that's going to depend on what actually happens. right now the market is doing what the market does, anticipating what they now see as a change in a number of different areas where they did not think they were going to get a change. you've seen the markets move up. you've seen bonds come down. you've seen rates go up. there's been changes based on the anticipation of what could happen once you get a new administration. there's going to be a lot of questions as to how many of those things can happen, how quickly they can happen. and i think that in the first hundred days, if you don't see some movement or whether or not congress agrees with them, then you'll see whether or not the market can continue to stay optimistic. i don't see in the very short term what changes that picture. >> one area that we've seen a
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dramatic change in, in the last couple of days, is the energy sector, with huge percentage gains based on opec's decision to cut for the first time in eight years. so would you wade into that particular area, and if so, any particular stocks that you like? >> so you've had oil up 10% in two days, which is a very big move, one of the biggest moves you've seen probably in the last several years. i think there's an enormous amount of optimistic, again, on opec. this deal sealed tigemed tighte anyone was expecting, and more specific. we like dividends, so we're involved in a number of oil stocks, bp is one of them. the majors have not moved as much as some of the independent stocks like an eog, which we also own, which are only producers and they don't have any refining. i think you need to be careful with how fast those stocks have moved. if it seems like the oil price is going to start to stabilize and it looks like that surplus
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comes off the market, then the energy sector has room to run. i would be a little cautious here. >> thank you, sarah, as always. sarah hunt with alpine funds. will anything happen to your mortgage interest deduction if the incoming administration overhauls the tax code? that's ahead. americans are buying up cars. sales got a lift last month from black friday deals, and a rise in confidence post-election. total u.s. sales rose more than 3.5%, putting the industry within reach of the annual sales record set last year. the big three, general motors up 10%. ford saw an increase of 5%.
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fiat chrysler's sales dropped 14%. one of the most popular of all tax writeoffs is the mortgage interest deduction. but there may be some changes to it under a trump administration and its expected overhaul of the tax code. how might this affect you? diana olick is in washington with the numbers. >> reporter: for anyone buying a home, the mortgage interest deduction is icing on the cake. it's been around since the introduction of taxes. but now it could be on the chopping block. president-elect trump's pick for treasury secretary included it in a list of deductions he would reduce. >> we'll cap mortgage interest. but we'll allow some deductibility. >> reporter: it benefits far fewer homeowners than you might think. less than a quarter of u.s. households. it is already capped at $1 million loans, which is pretty
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high. still, its popularity makes it a hot potato that lawmakers don't really want to touch, interesting in itself in that only 62% of adults own a home, and of those that do, one-third do not have a mortgage. the vast majority of the benefit from the mortgage deduction goes to people who earn more than $100,000. >> i think it would have an impact on home prices at the lower end, because the market would have lower ability to pay, if you will. they could qualify for a smaller loan based upon their income. and that would bring down the prices of homes on the lower end, i would expect. >> reporter: here is a look at the math behind the deduction. let's say you have a $500,000, 30-year fixed mortgage at 4.5% and you're in the 33% tax bracket. in the first year, the deduction saved you just over $10,000 in taxes. so what if the trump administration capped deductions at even $100,000?
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well, your total interest payment was only about $23,000, so it doesn't affect you on just the mortgage, which is one of the biggest deductions for most people. still, with mortgage rates and home prices rising, taking away the deduction entirely would make home ownership that much more expensive. you can expect a big fight on this one from realtors, homebuilders, anyone trying to sell a house. for "nightly business report," i'm diana olick in washington. we begin tonight's market focus with a company that lowered its profit guidance while saying results for the holiday season will sharply miss estimates. express says it cease promotional retail environment and challenging store traffic as headwinds. shares plummeted 20% to $10.64. dollar general missed profit and revenue estimates as that discount chain contends with falling food prices and a cutback on coverage in several
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states. the company posted a surprise drop in same store sales. shares fell 5%. kroger cited lower food prices as a problem. the nation's largest supermarket chain recorded lower profit and cut full year guidance, saying it expects the deflationary environment to continue. the company did see revenue rise above expectations. shares rose 3% to $33.36. land's end posted a wider than expected loss as results at the store were hit by more than $4 million in inventory writedowns. the apparel retailer saw same store sales fall, but said it is executing new initiatives it hopes will improve future results. shares were off 4.5% at $16.95. the activist investment fund starboard value reportedly asking rockwell collins to walk
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away from an aircraft component maker. rockwell says it remains committed to the merger. rockwell shares up 3% while b.e. aerospace fell. parker hanafin will by air filtration maker clair corp. parker's shares were up 3%. meantime, shares of claire corps soared 17%. coming up, what the next generation of retail investors are buying as the market continues its run higher.
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here's what to watch tomorrow, folks, as we told you earlier in the program, we'll find out how many jobs were created last month with the release of the november employment report. a few fed officials speak on information stability and the economy. and following a big week for the energy markets, we'll find out how many oil rigs are in use in the u.s. that's what to watch, friday. the house of representatives passed a bill that would speed up the drug and medical device approval process. the pharmaceutical industry has been pushing for that legislation. consumer advocates argue it could jeopardize safety. the bill also increases federal funding for biomedical research. the senate is likely to take up that legislation next week. according to a recent survey, only a third of millennials invest in the stock market at all. but at lafayette college, you would never know it was such a
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small percentage. morgan brennan takes us inside a meeting of the nation's oldest student-run investing club. >> reporter: early this morning, the lafayette college investment club sat in a classroom while students presented powerpoint presentations about netflix and amazon, deliberating a bet on big cap tech, which has sold off since the election. >> what we want to stress is amazon's presence in its space. >> reporter: the club chose to buy $10,000 worth of amazon. in the latest sign that the trump rally isn't just playing out on wall street, but also among retail investors, including the next generation. >> as this group of students, it's for a lot of us the first time voting, it was neat that we got to research the candidates and their policies. we had presentations about looking at what this election means for the economy in the short term, in the long term, and foreign investment portfolios. >> reporter: lafayette college is home to the oldest student-run investment club in
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the country, one that manages nearly $600,000 worth of stocks, exchange traded funds, and cash. and it's part of the school's endowment. the club is actively seeking out new investments following the election. >> we're heavy on health care, it's like 18% of our portfolio right now. we want to continue especially since hillary clinton was not elected. she wanted to reduce the prices of prescription drugs. now that it's not happening, it will help health care a lot. >> we were interested in diversifying into financials. next year i think we'll definitely look into energy, upstream oil production as the price of oil rises. >> reporter: these up and coming investors have yet to be tested in a true bear market. they're hoping their choices will protect and grow their school's money for the long term. >> we're doing a lot of different things. we still enjoy stock picking. we have a philosophy in the club that there's no such thing as a
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safe stock investment, only safe portfolios. >> reporter: they're fund is modestly trailing the s&p 500 this year. for "nightly business report," i'm morgan brennan in easton, pennsylvania. >> good luck to 'em. >> good luck to them, only safe portfolios. >> that's right. >> time will tell. that's "nightly business report" tonight. i'm sue herera. thanks for joining us. we want to remind you, this is the time of year your public television station seeks your support. >> we thank you for your support. i'm tyler mathisen. have a great evening, everybody. see you back here tomorrow night.
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and their buns are something i have yet to find anywhere else. >> 'cause i'm not inviting you to my house for dinner. >> breaded and fried and gooey and lovely. >> in the words of arnold schwarzenegger, i'll be back! >> you've heard of connoisseur, i'm a common-sewer! >> they knew i had to ward off some vampires or something. >> let's talk desserts gentlemen, 'cause i se


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